10 Oldest Religious Texts in The World

In the early Seventeenth Century, an Italian aristocrat Pietro della Valle, spurred by curiosity about the Biblical past, was one of the first modern western Europeans to venture to Anatolia, Turkey. He is thought to be the first collector of Mesopotamian cylinder seals. These were mostly from about ca. In the late Seventeenth Century, a German, Carsten Niebuhr, made extensive drawings of the buildings, reliefs, and inscriptions at Persepolis, Iran. These dated from about B. In , the geographer and linguist Claudius James Rich was put in charge of Baghdad by the British government. Rich traveled extensively in the region and made the first reliable, modern maps for the British government. He made the first rigorous investigation of the many mysterious mounds doting the Iraqi countryside.

Prehistoric Ireland

How did 4, year old demons turn into blue guys singing songs about friendship? It took a few thousand years of city conquering and myth twisting to divorce the old from the new, but thanks to pop culture and 17th century France, ancient and terrifying creatures of the desert became docile cartoon characters and spunky blondes engaging in classic televised hijinks. Genies, or jinn as the Arabic word is Romanized, come from a long line of mythological creatures dating back to BC.

There are also widespread areas of fossilized land and Sea creatures mingled Chinese mythology mentions that the Emperor Fu Hsi arrived after the Great Flood Numerous Meteor craters dating back to 2, BC to 2, BC have been.

The idea of succubus and incubus date back as far as medevial and biblical times. The earliest writings date back to Mesopotamia circa BC. It was believed that a demonic creature called Lilu or Lilitu female form would erotically seduce men and women in their dreams. However, the actual title of Succubus to lie beneath, Latin and Incubus to lie on top, Latin were not applied to these mythical demons until medevial times.

Throughout the 15th century theologians are documented as having discussed this demons in hopes of determining the origins of these disturbing night prowling deviants. Succubus and Incubus are one in the same. Throughout history it’s been believed that the succubus would come at night and would sexually attack men in their sleep retrieving their semen. They would then transform to their incubus form.

They would then transfer this sperm to women in their sleep and impregnate them in the hopes of the woman bearing a gifted child called a cambion. Thereby, deceptively spreading there species into humankind. These creatures can allegedly drain energy, blood and life from humans to strengthen itself to continue it’s purpose.


Protected by the oxygen-free water at the seafloor, the ship has been sitting undisturbed since B. It is a Greek vessel that looks like something the mythical hero Odysseus could have sailed — literally. According to the researchers, a very similar vessel is painted on the side of the British Museum’s “Siren Vase,” which depicts Odysseus chained to the mast of his ship as it sails past the sweet-voiced sirens.

In the Mesolithic (— B.C.) the Baltic area was gradually covered by According to one of Lithuanian versions of this myth, the primordial egg One of the ritual bone staffs with a she-elk head found in the ~ventoji settlement ( B.c.). engraved on pottery and dating back to the beginning of the Christian era​.

Please refresh the page and try again. Jinn are said to be repelled by salt and iron — a characteristic they share with vampires. Salim had recognized the jinn from a story told to him by his grandmother. Genies also called jinn or genii are spirits in cultures of the Middle East and Africa. In May , nine elementary and middle school students at a girls’ school in southern Madinah, Saudi Arabia, claimed that jinns had made them feel unwell, causing episodes of fainting and spasms.


Tattoos through the Ages

According to History. Known for their innovations in language, governance, architecture and more, Sumerians are considered the creators of civilization as modern humans understand it. Their control of the region lasted for a short 2, years.

BC. The National Museum of Iraq – Baghdad. Jessica KempfAncient lions at the Oriental Institute Museum in Chicago, dating back to BCE. Photo of a Hittite shepherd relief panel from Sam’al circa Mythological Characters, Mythological · Mythological CharactersMythological CreaturesMythical Creatures​King.

The prehistory of Ireland , pieced together from archaeological evidence, begins with the first evidence of humans in Ireland around 10, BC, [1] and finishes with the start of the historical record around AD. Both of these dates are later than for much of Europe and all of the Near East. For much of Europe , the historical record begins when the Romans invaded; as Ireland was not invaded by the Romans its historical record starts later, with the coming of Christianity.

The two periods that have left the most spectacular groups of remains are the Neolithic, with its megalithic tombs, and the gold jewellery of the Bronze Age, when Ireland was a major centre of gold mining. Ireland has many areas of bogland, and a great number of archaeological finds have been recovered from these. The anaerobic conditions sometimes preserve organic materials exceptionally well, as with a number of bog bodies , a Mesolithic wicker fish-trap, [2] and a Bronze Age textile with delicate tassels of horse hair.

During the Last Glacial Maximum ca. This period’s effects on Ireland are referred to as Midland General Glaciation, [6] or Midlandian glaciation. Genetic evidence suggests this reoccupation began in southwestern Europe and faunal remains suggest the existence of a refugium in Iberia that extended up into southern France. Those originally attracted to the north during the pre- boreal period would be species like reindeer and aurochs.

Some sites as far north as Sweden inhabited earlier than 10, years ago suggest that humans might have used glacial termini as places from which they hunted migratory game. These factors and ecological changes brought humans to the edge of the northernmost ice-free zones of continental Europe by the onset of the Holocene and this included regions close to Ireland. However, during the early part of the Holocene Ireland itself had a climate that was inhospitable to most European animals and plants.

Mythical beasts in Mesopotamia

Religion has been around for as long as man has existed. While it certainly has evolved over the years, the belief in gods and deities is an ancient tradition and dates back thousands of years. The proof of many of these religions are seen in religious texts discovered by experts and specialists. The Kesh Temple Hymn is one of the oldest surviving pieces of literature in the world.

Lamassu are celestial beings in Mesopotamian mythology, normally bearing a This is a cuneiform tablet that dates back to around B.C. It is the text of the.

Cabeceras Temas. Once upon a time the Thracians inhabited Bulgarian lands. Millennia after, their ancient and mysterious culture revealed its true magnificence. In the last few decades a number of significant collections of Thracian treasures have been discovered in present-day Bulgaria, providing much of our present knowledge of ancient Thrace. Archeologists have discovered a 2,year-old golden mask that was likely made for a Thracian monarch’s funeral.

The mask depicts a full face with moustache and beard. The rare artifact is made of grams of solid gold and “is without paragon in archeology,” according to Georgi Kitov and his team that unearthed the find in the summer of near the village of Shipka, in the so-called Valley of Thracian Kings. Besides the mask, archeologists also found a golden ring showing a rower, and many bronze and silver vessels. No remains have been found but archeologists continue to excavate the tomb.

While digging for clay for brick-making near the town of Panagyurishte in Sredna Gora mountain of central Bulgaria, a team of workmen came upon what was obviously an important treasure.

Lion-head eagle

Dating creation is the attempt to provide an estimate of the age of Earth or the age of the universe as understood through the origin myths of various religious traditions. Various traditional beliefs held that Planet Earth , or the entire Universe , was brought into being in a grand creation event by one or more gods. Once these cultures developed calendars , many began to ponder the question of precisely how long ago this event happened. The standard ancient Sumerian King List WB lists various mythical antediluvian kings and gives them reigns of several tens of thousands of years.

The first Sumerian king Alulim , at Eridu , is described as reigning for 28, years, followed by several later kings of similar periods. In total these antediluvian kings ruled for , years from the time when “the kingship was lowered from heaven” to the time when “the flood” swept over the land.

In ancient alchemy and mythology, copper was associated with protection of health of animals, plants, humans and formed a vital part of the human diet. Otzi the Iceman, a male who dates back to between – BC, was about BC, in N. western Europe about BC and ended with the.

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Museum number Description Black serpentine cylinder seal; contest scene of three separated groups- bearded sun-god with rays, standing sideways but with face turned in front, wearing a skirt and grasping a long-haired bull-man from behind by the hair and tail; the bull-man holds a mace in his left hand and grasps the sun-god’s left arm. Antithetical group consisting of two-human-headed bulls in the centre full-face being protected by a bearded hero full-face naked except for a belt, and by a bearded hero who is wearing his hair in a bun, an outward flaring cap decorated with fluting, and a skirt.

B the sun-god has replaced the lion as the bull-man’s opponent. Production date BCBC.

Top 10 Coolest Creatures from Norse Mythology

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